Human beings are actually designed to spend some time in the sun – but not too much.  While on one hand very little sun exposure places us at a great risk for Vitamin D deficiency, on the other hand overexposure is potentially harmful also. A sun burn acts as our natural warning system to let us know we have overdone it.  Too much exposure to sunlight can result into physical changes on your skin. These may include wrinkles, freckles, age spots, as well as changes in skin texture.

There are numerous reasons why we all love the sun. The sun is known to boost levels of serotonin (nature’s equivalent of Valium), which has been proven to lessen anxiety. In addition, it produces Vitamin D which is good for the skin, teeth and bones. However, if you have to get that sun-kissed glow, at least do it safely to avoid premature ageing and skin cancer risks.

The following tips will help you to sunbathe safely:

  1. Exfoliate Your Skin

For you to get the best sun tan, you need to exfoliate prior to sun exposure. Exfoliation involves the removal of dead cells from the skin’s uppermost layer to make way for new skin to appear. Exfoliation can actually even your skin tone, eradicate the dirt and oil clogging the pores. It allows you to tan more easily since your tan will develop and also fade evenly.

     2. Apply a Sunscreen

Although many tanning enthusiasts have contrary beliefs, you could still tan with sunscreen – in fact it is better that you do it. This is because the SPF (sun protection factor) prolongs the time you may spend in the sun without experiencing further skin damage. The higher the SPF numbers, the better the protection against UVB rays. Sunscreens with “broad-spectrum” labels can protect your skin against UVB and UVA rays.

You should apply SPF 15-30 minutes before trekking outdoors and reapply it 15-30 minutes after exposing yourself to the sun, and only do so if you have been involved in any aquatic activity where your sunscreen was possibly washed off.

  1. Avoid Overexposing Your Skin to the Sun

For you to achieve a healthy and glowing tan, do NOT expose yourself to UV rays. The best way to sunbath is to do it evenly in small doses. This will reduce sunburn. For instance, spending between 30 minutes to one hour under the sun per day will help your body to produce enough melanin that will be helpful the next time you sunbath. Sun tanning time should be chosen wisely when UV rays’ strength is not at its peak in sunny summer days (10am to 4 pm in the US).

  1. Put on Your Shades and a Hat

For you to attain an even tan, ensure that you wear your shades plus a hat. The skin surrounding your eyes and the eyes themselves, are actually delicate to UV rays. If proper care is not taken, it can lead to eye ailments such as cataract, eye cancers and age-related deterioration. Ensure you buy sunglasses that meet the standard requirements or are labeled “UV absorption up to 400 nm”.  Also, the perfect glasses should be large-framed and wrap-around as they are ideal for protecting your eyes from light coming from different angles.

You need to wear a 2-3 inch brimmed hat to protect your scalp, forehead, eyes, ears, and nose all at once – while you look chic sunbathing. A baseball might look ideal, but it only protects the top of the head and the face, leaving the ears and neck vulnerable to exposure to the sun. If you don’t fancy big, wide hats, you can choose a shade cap.

Finally, allow your skin time to repair itself after a day out in the sun before you trek out again.  For more tanning tips visit

Tips on How to Sunbathe Safely

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